Journal of the Endocrine Society
Oxford University Press
SUN-574 A1AT: Novel Inhibitor of Active PCSK9
Volume: 4, Issue: Suppl 1
DOI 10.1210/jendso/bvaa046.1848




Heart disease is the principal cause of death and disability for both men and women in the US, accounting for 40% of all annual deaths. African American populations are disproportionately burdened with metabolic diseases, due in part to cholesterol metabolism deficiencies. Elevated low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels and inflammation promote atherogenic conditions which lead to heart disease. Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin-9 (PCSK9) is a biomarker which enhances athrogenic progression by controlling the number of LDL receptor molecules expressed at the plasma membrane. PCSK9 indirectly regulates LDL-cholesterol levels. Previous reports show some patients do not respond well to general anti-cholesterolemic treatments. We believe this is due to altered PCSK9 activity, which is currently not being evaluated. We have developed a novel assay to detect active PCSK9. A1AT is a SERPIN family member whose primary objective is inhibition of proteases. Specific levels of A1AT are required to maintain metabolic homeostasis. Based on this, we hypothesized that a specific ratio between A1AT serum levels and PCSK9 activity levels would eliminate statin intolerance/resistance, regulating LDL-cholesterol metabolism congruently. Using this novel active PCSK9 detection assay, we provide evidence that A1AT interacts with PCSK9 in the medium of C3A hepatic-like cells, preventing the formation of PCSK9/LDL receptor complexes in vitro. There was an approximate 20% inhibition in PCSK9-LDL receptor complex formation when liver cells were treated with recombinant A1AT (rA1AT). A dose dependent response analysis proved 200ng/ml of rA1AT had an 46% reduction in PCSK9 activity. We determined PCSK9 activty and A1AT levels correlate with key diabetic factors in humans, suggesting that A1AT could effect diabetes progression.

Melendez, Wooten, Ahmed, Williams, Kimbro, and Lopez: SUN-574 A1AT: Novel Inhibitor of Active PCSK9 A1AT: Novel Inhibitor of Active PCSK9&author=Quantil Melendez,Catherine Wooten,Sumaira Ahmed,Ariel Renee’ Williams,Kevin Sean Kimbro,Dayami Lopez,&keyword=&subject=Cardiovascular Endocrinology,Pathophysiology of Cardiometabolic Disease,AcademicSubjects/MED00250,