Zhang G, Liu W, Wang R, et al. Int J Nanomedicine. 2020;15:2419–2435.
The Editor-in-Chief and Publisher of International Journal of Nanomedicine wish to retract the published article.
We were notified of potential image duplications found in the published article. The alleged image duplications are:
The authors could not provide a satisfactory explanation for the duplicated images and the editor determined the findings of the study were no longer valid.
The authors wish to apologize for this error.
Our decision-making was informed by our policy on publishing ethics and integrity and the COPE guidelines on retraction.
The retracted article will remain online to maintain the scholarly record, but it will be digitally watermarked on each page as “Retracted”.